Based on 2007 Census on Population is 26,400. In 2010 census on the population again, Tipo-Tipo Municipality has only 16,798 total populations. This figure showed the abrupt decrease of almost one half of the total population. This represents about 4.34% of the total provincial figure of 391,1769. From 1960 to 1970, the average growth rate for this period is so very low (-0.99899) yet for 1970-1975 average growth rate is 5.5% and for 1975 to 1980, 5.695%. This sudden upsurge for the 10 year period can be attributed to several facts, namely, the infusion of personnel in the area military during the NCSO headcount, the return of relative normally in the situation, the influx of refugees from neighboring municipality plus the developmental growth of the area.
Ethnic Origin/ Language/Dialect
The Municipality of Tipo-Tipo is predominantly composed of the Yakans speaking group. About 7% (11,697) of the population speaks the Yakan dialect followed distantly by Tausugs with 17% (2,601) and the Samals with 5% (737). These figures are as of the 2000 Census.
A. AGRICULTURE SECTOR
The Municipality of Tipo-Tipo is basically identified as an agricultural community. The agricultural land area is estimated as of December 2007 at 19, 530 hectares or this is approximately encompassing 90% of the total land area of the municipality, which is 21, 700 hectares. Province-wide this is about 12.80% of the total land area of the province devoted to agriculture for Tipo-Tipo alone. Further records from the Municipal Agricultural Office and the Municipal Development Staff reveal that of the 19, 530 hectares of agricultural land, about 68.73% (14, 914.41 hectares) is planted to coconuts while the rest are for rubber with 11.13% (2, 415.21 hectares), cassava with 3.36% (729.12 hectares) and the remaining hectare are devoted to other variety of permanent, and seasonal crops, like coffee, upland rice, peanuts and fruit trees. Inter-cropping is also minimally done per visual observation made by the researcher. Production of the agricultural area is somewhat more than the average yield per hectare. For coconut alone, the computed actual production is 2,200 kilos per hectare, per year as compared to the average standard production, which is 900 kilos to one (1) tone per hectare per year. This is also the same with the other crops except for cassava, it being staple food of the farmers. Possible reason for the low production based on the survey conducted among local folks, it is evident that the factors contributory to it are, the lack of technical know-how, high cost of inputs, plus the improper utilization of agricultural lands. Based on the records of the Department of Agriculture there are several small farms in the locality aside from the rubber plantation of the Tipo-Tipo Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries Agricultural Development Cooperative (TARBADECO) former TIDECO. Farm productions of small time farmers are only good for their own consumption. The farmers to increase their income like loom weaving and fishing are utilizing other sources of livelihood.
MAJOR AGRICULTURAL CROPS BY ESTIMATED AREA AND PRODUCTION
Municipality of Tipo-Tipo
*1 These Areas include various crops not mentioned and also barren agri-land. Source: MPDC, 2013 MAO, 2013
Livestock and Poultry
The locality is middling on this aspect. The animal population is somehow at its average yet still to consider the rising population of the municipality. The cattle and carabao population is estimated only at less than 10%. The populace of goats and other livestock is in contrast to the number of carabaos and cattles. This is through the effort of the government to produce effective programs such as animal dispersion. The municipality is still in need of other livestock to meet the peak of satisfaction that would help economic stability. Given the present state of the agricultural sector in the municipality, it is evident that the locality lags behind in developing to its full potential. Productivity-vise its harvest per hectare per year is so low. Except for rubber, it being handled by a corporation the rest of the agricultural crops is producing inadequately to omit also cassava. The municipality is also very dependent to other municipalities for other foodstuff (rice) to supply its needs. The main reason for this low-productivity, aside from the unstable peace and order condition is the insufficient knowledge and lack of technical know-how in farm technology on the part of the small time farmers. The little support they received from the government like the lecture-demonstration on crop protection and production does little to their income. While other municipalities have farm demonstration projects to support the programs envisioned by the government agency concerned, there is no such type of project in the locality. It is noteworthy to say that inter-cropping and multi-cropping are now being done by the farmers to supplement their income and further maximize the use of the land. The lack also of market outlets and farm to market roads are also contributory to the slow pace of development. The virtual absence of meat and poultry products in the municipality is only being replenished with the abundance of fish in the area. Towards this end, the need therefore, is to promote the production of livestock and poultry with due assistance from the government and private sector as well.
B. FISHERY AND AQUATIC RESOURCES
In this aspect, the locality endowed with rich, fertile fishing grounds. Variety of fish can be appreciated such as Tuna, Yellow pin, Mackerel, Lapu-Lapu, Big-Eyed Scarves or Matambaka, Squids, Octopus, Baracuda, Rays, Sharks, Anchovies, etc. and other seafood and also the presence of fry and fingerlings along the seacoast during prime season. These species can be caught in different lees i.e Takut-Tangug Bay, Takut Pasilan, and the Celebes sea. There are two barangays situated along the seacoast where the means of livelihood is fishing. There are 138 fishermen in the 2 coastal barangays, 100 motorized banca below 3 tons and 50 Non-motorized banca as of 2014. Despite of having swamplands and marshes of 36 hectares, the municipality is the solitary area in the entire province without a fishpond. This source is reasonable due to the abundance of fish in the area. This sub-sector of agriculture by observation is faring well. There is, however, a need to provide adequate and new technology in fish processing or fish drying and salting methods. Coupled with this is an effective market an outlet for fish catch. An integrated fishing cooperative venture is also indicated for further development of this sub-sector. Towards this end, an off shore-fishing project must also be envisioned to support further this growing industry.
To preserved and conserve the forest resources, the area will be barren in just a few years. With the prevailing condition plus the limited forest area, it necessitates, therefore, aggressive measures on the part of the BFD to protect and conserve such forest resources. Forest conservation plus the planting activities coupled with stricter ban on illegal logging and “Kaingineros” encroachment should be implemented and enforced.
The present commercial area of the poblacion occupies an approximated area of .780-hectare. The public market composed of 3 units trading center with 16 compartments each and divided into fish, vegetable, kitchen utensils, dry goods and Rtw sections. The highlight of the “tabu” during market day is the exchange of agricultural products into fishery products coming from the coastal areas. On the other hand, commercial activities in the rural areas are usually found in the most progressive barangays especially during market days or “Tabu”. The identified market days of some barangays are the following: Tipo-Tipo Poblacion – Tuesday, Badja – Wednesday and Bohelebung – Saturday. This commercial site fronting the National Highway and the Municipal Hall includes both the public market building and other private sari-sari stores. Foodstuffs like fish are sold also within the public market area. The total number of retail/sari-sari stores operating in the Municipality is 259 . (any difference in number?) Commercial activities in the municipality range from general merchandizing to retail and sari-sari in nature. Most of the activities are centered within the Poblacion proper and in progressive barangays such as Badja and Bohelebung.
In this industrial sector, activities are virtually nil except for the presence of the Tipo-Tipo Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries Agricultural Development Cooperative (TARBADECO). There is no banking institution in the Municipality presumably because of the peace and order situation and its practicability. The imperative of having expanded commercial areas or public market is more than a necessity. Residents of the area usually have to go shopping to Lamitan or Isabela where most of the commercial goods are available. The dangers in commuting to and from these areas are very high given the present peace and order condition. The makeshift public market building has to be demolished and transferred to suitable site in order to provide the buying public with better and wide array of services. The present commercial area of .480-hectare needs further expansion, in view of the increase in population. Towards this end, an additional area of 5.9 hectare is needed for 2015 for it’s to meet the standard requirements of 1.5 hectares for every 15,000 population. Agricultural related industry must also be enhanced in view of abundance of row agricultural products like coffee, rubber and coconuts. With these, ventures in processing of these row materials must also be promoted. Along this line, areas for light scales industries must also be defined following the given standard of .80 hectare per 1,000 populations. The development of commercial area can be located on its present despite to its proximity to the highway and is a low ground area that is usually being flooded during rainy days but ground for further development. In lue to this, the safety of traders must also be secured. Construction of the public market buildings in the identified site must therefore be followed with adequate facilities i.e. dry and wet good stalls, toilet, water and proper parking area. The upkeep of the vicinity and the market building is also a must and to implement this, recruitment/employment of janitors and garbage collector should be given immediate consideration. Investment in the cottage and small-scale industry must also be promoted. The abundance of raw materials in the area plus sufficient manpower potentials that needs only the proper skill training should be a firm basis for attracting capital requirement to start business rolling. The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) and other concerned agency could be tapped for this purpose. In the implementation, policy guidelines set by the HLURB should be strictly adhered to by all industries to be realized, to safeguard the environment.
Given data of the 1995 NSO census, the primary schools age population (7-10) age bracket represents 15.24% (2,291) of the total population, while for the intermediate school age population (11-12) is placed at 6.28% (944). Per DepEd data, secondary school age population (13-16) at 12.32% (1,852) and tertiary (17-21) at 10.01% (1,503). The enrolment participation ratio for 2007 is only 83.46% for the primary grades children aged 7-10 years only 2,153 are enrolled while the rest do not go to school for unknown reasons. For the intermediate grades only 913 the enrolled for 2007 out of the 944 school children aged 11-12. For the secondary level children aged 13-16 year only 1,566. As of 2014, the literacy rate of the municipality decreased by 25.6% due to the new program of DepEd, the Alternative Learning System (ALS).